Hyperpigmentation, or dark spots on the skin, usually begins during middle age, though it is not uncommon in younger individuals. This condition is more common with people who have darker skin, however causes can vary. One of the most common causes is the result of trauma to the skin. This leads to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Outside of recognized disorders like Riehl's melanosis and Linea Fusca, there are medications that cause hyperpigmentation. They sensitize the skin and create dark spots without exposure to the sun. These medications include estrogens, tetracyclines, amiodarone and others. Another factor that causes dark spots is exposure to UV light, which can lead to Melasma, freckles and Ephelides. Dark spots on the skin can also result from liver disease, pregnancy, Addison’s disease, pituitary tumors, and hemochromatosis. Many people are uncomfortable with the discoloration and will turn to a dermatologist for advice and treatment. The dermatologist will use some of the latest techniques for treating dark spots on the skin.
The Pharos Excimer Laser is highly effective in treating hyperpigmentation and dark spots on the skin. This advanced technology uses a laser that is composed of a monochromatic wavelength (308 nm) of ultraviolet light. This laser is also used to treat skin conditions like psoriasis and vitiligo.
Intense Pulsed Light treatment uses short blasts of an intense, polychromatic light that destroys melanin, a major force behind dark spots. The skin comes out with an even, more uniform tone.
Fractional CO2 laser resurfacing is a major breakthrough in skin treatment. It takes the latest technology and combines it with carbon dioxide laser treatment. The result is natural collagen production with none of the traditional, harsh side effects.
Chemical peels are one of the most popular treatments for dark spots, hyperpigmentation and skin discoloration on the skin. A solution is applied to the skin and over time the skin begins to peel off. There are superficial, medium and deep peels. Each will have a significant impact on evening skin tone.
A reputable dermatologist can help you rid yourself of dark spots. They will not only provide the care you need, but advise you on what’s causing your skin problems and inform you of all possible treatment options.