A scar is a mark left on the skin as a result of a wound, burn, or other injury to the skin. As a result, fibrous connective tissue has formed. Most wounds, except for very minor ones, will result in some amount of scaring, though it may be minimal. Scarring can result from accidents, diseases, surgeries, and skin conditions, and is a natural part of the body's healing process. Just because it is a natural process does not mean the result is desirable. Many people seek the advice and resources of a dermatologist for help in minimizing their scars.
One popular scar treatment is the fractional CO2 laser resurfacing procedure. Laser treatment of scarring is nothing new, but this particular type is relatively new and carries significantly fewer side effects compared to previous laser treatments. Tiny beams of energy are used to bore into the skin without damaging the top layer. This causes the natural production of collagen in the skin to increase.
For certain scars, cortisone injections may be a viable option to consider. Steroid injections are often quite effective with keloid scars (scars that stick out from the skin's surface).
Acne is a common and undesired skin condition linked to various issues, most often hormone related. In more severe cases, acne may cause significant facial scarring. One relatively easy and effective treatment of acne scarring is saline injections. There are few side effects, and the results are usually very good. A sterile solution of salt water is injected just under the skin's surface. This rids the skin of dead cells and increases blood flow, leaving the skin looking fresh and rejuvenated.
There are also many topical treatments for scarring, both over the counter and prescription strength. Many people prefer to talk to a dermatologist about topical options as they are the least invasive. There may be side effects since the creams often contain retinoids or silicone that can be irritating to sensitive skin. It is always a good idea to talk to a doctor about any treatment regimen being considered.
The treatment suggested will depend on many factors including the cause, location, age, and severity of the scar. There is a broad spectrum of treatments available, ranging widely in cost, effectiveness, and invasiveness. It is wise to seek the opinion of a reputable dermatologist to help develop the best individual treatment plan.